|Scientific Name of this Strain
|Edwardsiella ictaluri Hawke et al. 1981
|GTC 01340 <- ATCC 33202 <- J.P. Hawke
|Other Culture Collection No.
|ATCC 33202=CIP 81.96=CCUG 18764=GTC 01340=DSM 13697=NCTC 12122
|CDC 1976-78=GA 77-52
|Cultivation Oxygen Relationship
|Source of Isolation
|channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus
|Locality of Source
|Country of Origin
|Plant Quarantine No.
|Animal Quarantine No.
|Glass ampoule (L-dried)
Edwardsiella ictaluri (also known as Enteric Septicaemia of Catfish, Hole in the Head Disease, and ESC) is a member of the Enterobacteriaceae family. The bacterium is a short, gram negative, pleomorphic rod with flagella. It causes the disease enteric septicaemia of catfish (ESC), which infects a variety of fish species (including many catfish species, knifefish and barbs). The bacteria can cause either acute septicaemia or chronic encephalitis in infected fish. Outbreaks normally occur in spring and autumn. E. ictaluri can be found in Asia and the United States, being of particular economic importance in the U.S. It is not a zoonosis.