|NBRC No.||NBRC 102528|
|Scientific Name of this Strain||Paracoccus denitrificans (Beijerinck and Minkman 1910) Davis 1969 emend. Rainey et al. 1999|
|History||IAM 15021 <- NCCB 22021 <- LMD 22.21 <- M.W. Beijerinck|
|Other Culture Collection No.||IAM 15021=ATCC 17741=DSM 413=NCCB 22021=JCM 21484=KACC 12251|
|Other No.||L450=E.IV.8.8.1=381=ICPB 3979=IMET 10380=LMD 22.21|
|Cultivation Temp.||30 C|
|Source of Isolation||Garden soil|
|Locality of Source||Delft|
|Country of Origin||Netherlands|
|Plant Quarantine No.|
|Animal Quarantine No.|
|Shipping as||Glass ampoule (L-dried)|
Paracoccus denitrificans, is a coccoid bacterium known for its nitrate reducing properties, its ability to replicate under conditions of hypergravity and for being the possible ancestor of the eukaryotic mitochondrion (endosymbiotic theory).
Paracoccus denitrificans, is a gram-negative, coccus, non-motile, denitrifying (nitrate-reducing) bacterium. It is typically a rod-shaped bacterium but assumes spherical shapes during the stationary phase. Like all gram-negative bacteria, it has a double membrane with a cell wall.
Formerly known as Micrococcus denitrificans, it was first isolated in 1910 by Martinus Beijerinck, a Dutch microbiologist. The bacterium was reclassified in 1969 to Paracoccus denitrificans by D.H. Davis. The genome of P. denitrificans was sequenced in 2004.